dV/dT Filters

HPS Centurion™ D1

Product Configurator & Drawings

dV/dT Filter on blue background

The HPS dV/dT filters are specifically designed for use between variable frequency drives (VFD’s) and motors when longer cable lengths are used.

The HPS Centurion™ D1 dV/dT filter combines an inductor and parallel resistor network to mitigate both high frequency components and voltage spikes between the VFD and motor. The D1 can mitigate the effects of reflected wave voltages greater than what a reactor alone can accomplish. The D1 filter provides protection to the motor by slowing down the rate of voltage increase and minimizes the damaging peak voltages that occur within the motor’s windings and along the length of cables feeding the motor.

Line diagram showing VFD, dv/dt filter and motor

Operation Principle

The term “dV/dT” refers to the change in voltage over change in time. With regards to VFD’s, dV/dT is explained as the rapid change in voltage at the beginning or end of the square wave pulses that make up the pulse width modulated (PWM) output of a VFD that powers the motor. As the square wave pulses travel the electrical cable to the motor, the differences in impedance between the cable and motor windings cause some energy in the pulse to be “reflected”. In applications where the distance between the motor and VFD is long, the voltage of two pulses can combine in the cable or motor windings. This creates a high voltage condition of twice or more the VFD’s DC bus voltage. Applications with long cables between the VFD and the motor can experience peak voltages up to 1600V in a 480V system and up to 2100V in a 600V system. These high peak voltages will cause motor winding failures and premature motor insulation failure resulting in down time and lost revenue.

  • System Voltage Rating up to 600V (480V-600V applications)
  • Current Rating of 2A to 108A (consult HPS for higher ratings)
  • Inverter Switching Frequency 2kHz to 4kHz
  • Inverter Operating Frequency up to 60Hz
  • Insulation System of 130°C (2A - 54A), 180°C (>55A)
  • Voltage Drop of less than 3%
  • Motor lead length of 600ft (consult HPS for longer motor lengths)1,2
  • Peak Voltage at Motor of 150% of DC bus voltage
  • cUL Listed

Environmental Product Characteristics

  • Ambient Operating Temperature: -25°C to 40°C (suitable to 50°C)
  • Altitude: <1000m
  • Cooling Method: Natural Convection
  • Enclosure Type: Open, Type 1
Notes:

1VFD rated cable recommended
2Maximum motor cable size to achieve 5% voltage drop (including 2% from the filter)
Maximum lead length and carrier frequency can vary depending on motor cable type

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